Chronology of Armenian terrorism between 1973 and 1986
January 27, 1973 Santa Barbara, California, The Armenian Gourgen Yanikian, a U.S. citizen, invites the Turkish Consul General, Mehmet Baydar, and the Consul, Bahadir Demir to lunch. The diplomats accept the friendly invitation unsuspectly. Gourgen Yanikian murders his two guests. He is sentenced to life imprisonment.
April 4, 1973 Paris Bombings at the Turkish Consulate General and the offices of Turkish Airlines (THY). Extensive damage.
October 26, 1973 New York – Attempted bombing of the Turkish Information Office. The bomb is discovered in time and defused. A group calling itself the “Yanikian Commandos” claims responsibility. They want the release of the double murderer of Santa Barbara, Gourgen Yanikian, who insidiously murdered two Turkish diplomats.
February 7, 1975 Beirut Attempted bombing of the Turkish Information and Tourism Bureau. The bomb explodes while being defused. A Lebanese policeman is injured. The “Prisoner Gourgen Yanikian Group” claims responsibility.
February 20, 1975 Beirut The “Yanikian” group demanding the release of the double murderer of Santa Barbara strikes again. Extensive damage is caused by a bomb explosion at the THY offices. ASALA (Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia) also claims responsibility for the bombing.
October 22, 1975 Vienna The Turkish Ambassador, Danis Tunaligil, is assassinated in his study by three Armenian terrorists. ASALA claims responsibility.
October 24, 1975 Paris Ambassador Ismail Erez and his driver, Talip Yener, are murdered. The ASALA and the JCAG (Justice Commandos for the Armenian Genocide) dispute responsibility.
October 28, 1975 Beirut Grenade attack on the Turkish Embassy. The ASALA claims responsibility.
February 16, 1976 Beirut The First Secretary of the Turkish Embassy, Oktar Cirit, is assassinated in a restaurant on Hamra Street. The ASALA claims responsibility.
May 17, 1976 Frankfurt, Essen, Cologne Consulates General in Frankfurt, Essen and Cologne are the targets of simultaneous bomb attacks.
May 28, 1976 Zurich Bomb attacks at the offices of the Turkish Labor Attache and the Garanti Bank. Extensive damage. A bomb in the Turkish Tourism Bureau is defused in time. Responsibility is claimed by the JCAG.
May 2, 1977 Beirut The cars of the Military Attache, Nahit Karakay, and the Administrative Attache, Ilhan Özbabacan, are destroyed. The two diplomats are uninjured. Credit is claimed by the ASALA.
May 14, 1977 Paris Bomb attack at the Turkish Tourism Bureau. Extensive damage. The “New Armenian Resistance Group” claims responsibility.
June 6, 1977 Zurich Bomb attack at the store of a Turkish citizen, Hüseyin Bülbül.
June 9, 1977 Rome Assassination of the Turkish Ambassador to the Holy See, Taha Carim. He dies soon after the attack. The JCAG claims responsibility.
October 4, 1977 Los Angeles Bomb attack at the house of Professor Stanford Shaw, who teaches Ottoman history at the University of California in Los Angeles (UCLA). Responsibility is claimed by an “Armenian Group of 28.”
January 2, 1978 Brussels Bomb attack at a building containing Turkish banking services. The “New Armenian Resistance” claims credit.
June 2, 1978 Madrid Terrorist attack on the automobile of the Turkish Ambassador, Zeki Kuneralp. His wife, Necla Kuneralp, the retired Turkish Ambassador Besir Balcz?oglu die immediately in the rain of gunfire. The Spanish chauffeur, Antonio Torres, dies of his injuries in the hospital. ASALA and JCAG claim responsibility.
December 6, 1978 Geneva A bomb explodes in front of the Turkish Consulate General. Extensive damage. The “New Armenian Resistance Group” claims responsibility.
December 17, 1978 Geneva A bomb explodes at the THY Bureau. ASALA claims responsibility.
July 8, 1979 Paris The French capital experiences four bomb attacks in a single day. The first is at the THY offices; the next at the offices of the Turkish Labor Attache; the third in the Turkish Information and Tourism Bureau. A fourth explosive, intended for the Turkish Permanent Representative to the O.E.C.D., is defused before it explodes. The JCAG claims responsibility.
August 22, 1979 Geneva A bomb is thrown at the car of the Turkish Consul General, Niyazi Adalz?. The diplomat escapes unhurt. Two Swiss passers-by are injured. Two cars are destroyed.
August 27, 1979 Frankfurt The offices of THY are totally destroyed by an explosion. A pedestrian is injured. The ASALA claims responsibility.
October 4, 1979 Copenhagen Two Danes are injured when a bomb explodes near the offices of THY. ASALA claims credit.
October 12, 1979 The Hague Ahmet Benler, the son of Turkish Ambassador Özdemir Benler, is assassinated by Armenian terrorists. The murderers escape. JCAG and ASALA claim responsibility.
October 30, 1979 Milan The offices of THY are destroyed by a bomb explosion. ASALA claims responsibility.
November 8, 1979 Rome The Turkish Tourism Office is destroyed by a bomb. ASALA claims responsibility.
November 18, 1979 Paris Bomb explosions destroy the offices of THY, KLM, and Lufthansa. Two French policemen are injured. Responsibility is claimed by ASALA.
November 25, 1979 Madrid Bomb explosions in front of the offices of TWA and British Airways. ASALA, in claiming responsibility, states that the attacks are meant as a warning to the Pope to cancel his planned visit to Turkey.
December 9, 1979 Rome Two bombs explode in downtown Rome, damaging the offices of PAN AM, British Airways and the Philippine Airways. Nine people are injured in the terrorist attack. A “New Armenian Resistance Movement” claims responsibility.
December 17, 1979 London Extensive damage is caused when a bomb explodes in front of the THY offices. A “Front for the Liberation of Armenia” claims responsibility.
December 22, 1979 Paris Yz?lmaz Çolpan, the Tourism Attache at the Turkish Embassy is assassinated while walking on the Champs Elysées. Several groups, including ASALA, JCAG and the “Commandos of Armenian Militants Against Genocide” claim responsibility.
December 22, 1979 Amsterdam Heavy damage results from a bomb explosion in front of the THY offices. ASALA claims credit.
December 23, 1979 Rome A bomb explodes in front of a World Council of Churches Refugee Center, being used as a transit point for Armenian refugees from Lebanon. ASALA claims credit for the attack and warns the Italian authorities to halt “the Armenian diaspora.”
December 23, 1979 Rome Three bomb explosions occur in front of the offices of Air France and TWA, injuring a dozen passers-by. ASALA claims responsibility, stating that the bomb was placed “in reprisal against the repressive measures of French authorities against Armenians in France” (i.e., questioning suspects, carry out investigations, etc.)
January 10, 1980 Teheran A bombwhich explodes in front of the THY offices causes extensive damage. ASALA claims responsibility.
January 20, 1980 Madrid A series of bomb attacks, resulting in numerous injuries, occurs in front of the offices of TWA, British Airways, Swissair, and Sabena. The JCAG claims credit for the attacks. February 2, 1980 Brussels Two bombs explode within minutes of each other in front of the downtown offices of THY and Aeroflot. The “New Armenian Resistance Group” issues a communique in which they claim responsibility for both attacks.
February 6, 1980 Bern A terrorist opens fire on Turkish Ambassador Dogan Türkmen, who escapes with minor wounds. The would-be-assassin, an Armenian named Max Klindjian, is subsequently arrested in Marseilles and returned to Switzerland for trial. The JCAG claims credit for the attack.
February 18, 1980 Rome The offices of Lufthansa, El Al and Swissair are damaged by two bomb attacks. Telephone messages give three reasons for the attacks: 1. The Germans support “Turkish fascism”; 2. The Jews are Zionists (ASALA); 3. The Swiss behave “repressively” towards the Armenians.
March 10, 1980 Rome Bomb attacks on the THY and Turkish Tourism Bureau offices on the Piazza Della Repubblica. The blasts kill two Italians and injure fourteen. Credit for the attack is claimed by the “New Armenian Resistance of the Armenian Secret Army.”
April 17, 1980 Rome The Turkish Ambassador to the Holy See, Vecdi Türel, is shot and seriously wounded. His chauffeur, Tahsin Güvenç, is also slightly wounded in the assassination attempt. JCAG claims responsibility for the attack.
May 19, 1980 Marseilles A rocket aimed at the Turkish Consulate General in Marseilles is discovered and defused prior to exploding. ASALA and a group calling itself “Black April” claim credit for the attack.
July 31, 1980 Athens Galip Özmen, the Administrative Attache at the Turkish Embassy, and his family are attacked by Armenian terrorists while sitting in their car. Galip Özmen and his fourteen-year-old daughter, Neslihan, are killed in the attack. His wife, Sevil, and his sixteen-year-old son, Kaan, are wounded. Credit for the double killing is claimed by ASALA.
August 5, 1980 Lyon Two terrorists storm into the Turkish Consulate General in Lyon and open fire, killing two and injuring several other bystanders. ASALA claims credit for the attack.
August 11, 1980 New York An “Armenian group” hurls paint bombs at the Turkish House across from the United Nations, home of the Turkish Representations in New York.
September 26, 1980 Paris Selçuk Bakkalbasz?, the Press Counselor at the Turkish Embassy, is shot as he enters his home. Bakkalbasz? survives but is permanently paralyzed as a result of his injuries. ASALA claims responsibility for the attack.
October 3, 1980 Geneva Two Armenian terrorists are injured when a bomb they are preparing explodes in their Geneva hotel room. The two, Suzy Mahseredjian from Canoga Park, California, and Alexander Yenikomechian, are arrested. Their arrest leads to the formation of a new group called “October 3,” which subsequently strikes at Swiss targets.
October 3, 1980 Milan Two Italians are injured when a bomb explodes in front of the THY offices. ASALA claims credit for the attack.
October 5, 1980 Madrid The offices of Alitalia are rocked by a bomb explosion which injures twelve individuals. The ASALA claims responsibility for the attack.
October 6, 1980 Los Angeles Two molotov cocktails are thrown into the home of the Turkish Consul General, Kemal Arz?kan. He survives with injuries.
October 10, 1980 Beirut Two bombs explode near Swiss offices in West Beirut. A group calling itself “October 3” claims responsibility for these bombings as well as others on the same day against Swiss offices in England.
October 12, 1980 New York A bomb placed in front of the Turkish House explodes. Four passers-by are injured. JCAG assumes responsibility.
October 12, 1980 Los Angeles A travel agency in Hollywood, owned by a Turkish-American, is destroyed. JCAG claims responsibility.
October 12, 1980 London The Turkish Tourism and Information Bureau’s offices are damaged by a bomb explosion. ASALA claims credit.
October 12, 1980 London A Swiss shopping complex in central London is damaged by a bomb blast. Callers claim the explosion was the work of “October 3.”
October 13, 1980 Paris A Swiss tourist office is damaged by a bomb explosion. “October 3” again claims credit.
October 21, 1980 Interlaken, Switzerland A bomb is found in a Swiss express train coming from Paris. Luckily, it does not explode. “October 3” is believed to be behind the action, which could have caused a catastrophe.
November 4, 1980 Geneva The Swiss Palace of Justice in Geneva is heavily damaged by a bomb explosion. Credit is claimed by “October 3.”
November 9, 1980 Strasbourg Heavy damage results from a bomb blast at the Turkish Consulate General. The attack is claimed by ASALA.
November 10, 1980 Rome Five people are injured in attacks on the Swissair and Swiss Tourist offices. ASALA and “October 3” claim credit.
November 19, 1980 Rome The offices of the Turkish Tourism Bureau and those of THY are damaged by a bomb explosion. ASALA claims responsibility.
November 25, 1980 Geneva The offices of the Union of Swiss Banks are hit by a bomb explosion. Responsibility is claimed by “October 3.”
December 5, 1980 Marseilles A police expert defuses a time bomb left at the Swiss Consulate in Marseilles. “October 3” claims responsibility.
December 15, 1980 London Two bombs placed in front of the French Tourism Office in London are defused by a Scotland Yard bomb squad. “October 3” claims the bombs are a warning to the French for assistance they have rendered the Swiss in fighting Armenian terrorism.
December 17, 1980 Sydney Two terrorists assassinate sarz?k Arz?yak, the Turkish Consul General, and his bodyguard, Engin Sever. JCAG claims responsibility. December 25, 1980 Zurich A bomb explosion destroys a radar monitor at Kloten Airport, and a second explosive planted on the main runway of the airport is defused. “October 3” claims credit for these attempted mass-murders.
December 29, 1980 Madrid A Spanish reporter is seriously injured in a telephone booth while calling in a story to his paper about the bomb attack on the Swissair offices. “October 3” claims responsibility.
December 30, 1980 Beirut Bomb attack on the Credit-Suisse offices. ASALA and “October 3” fight over who gets the credit.
January 2, 1981 Beirut In a press communique, ASALA threatens to “attack all Swiss diplomats throughout the world” in response to the alleged mistreatment of “Suzy and Alex” in Switzerland. On January 4, ASALA issues a statement giving the Swiss a few days to think things over.
January 14, 1981 Paris A bomb explodes in the car of Ahmet Erbeyli, the Economic Counselor of the Turkish Embassy. Erbeyli is not injured, but the explosion totally destroys his car. A group calling itself the “Alex Yenikomechian Commandos” of ASALA claims credit for the explosion.
January 27, 1981 Milan The Swissair and Swiss Tourist offices in Milan are damaged by bomb explosions. Two passers-by are injured. “October 3” claims credit for the bombing in a call to local media representatives.
February 3, 1981 Los Angeles Bomb-squad officials disarm a bomb left at the Swiss Consulate. The terrorists threaten in anonymous phone calls that such attacks will continue until Suzy Mahseredjian is released.
February 5, 1981 Paris Bombs explode in the TWA and Air France offices. One injured, heavy material damage. “October 3” claims credit.
March 4, 1981 Paris Two terrorists open fire on Resat Moralz?, Labor Attache at the Turkish Embassy, Tecelli Arz?, Religious Affairs Attache, and Ilkay Karakoç, the Paris representative of the Anadolu Bank. Moralz? and Arz? are assassinated. Karakoç manages to escape. ASALA claims responsibility.
March 12, 1981 Teheran A group of ASALA terrorists try to occupy the Turkish Embassy, killing two guards in the process. Two of the perpetrators are captured and later executed by the Iranians. ASALA claims credit.
April 3, 1981 Copenhagen Cavit Demir, the Labor Attache at the Turkish Embassy, is shot as he enters his apartment building late in the evening and is seriously wounded. Both ASALA and JCAG claim the attack.
June 3, 1981 Los Angeles Bombs force the cancellation of performances by a Turkish folk-dance group. Threats of similar bombings force the group’s performances in San Francisco to be canceled as well.
June 9, 1981 Geneva Mehmet Savas Yergüz, Secretary in the Turkish Consulate, is assassinated by the Armenian terrorist Mardiros Jamgotchian. The arrest of the ASALA terrorist leads to the formation of a new ASALA branch called the “Ninth of June Organization,” which will be responsible for a new series of attacks.
June 11, 1981 Paris A group of Armenian terrorists, led by one Ara Toranian, occupies the THY offices. Initially ignored by the French authorities, the terrorists are only evicted from the premises after vehement protests from the Turkish Embassy.
June 19, 1981 Teheran A bomb explodes at the offices of Swissair. The “Ninth of June Organization” claims responsibility.
June 26, 1981 Los Angeles A bomb explodes in front of the Swiss Banking Corporation offices. Again the work of the “Ninth of June Organization.”
July 19, 1981 Bern A bomb explodes at the Swiss Parliament Building. “Ninth of June” claims responsibility.
July 20, 1981 Zurich “Ninth of June” strikes again. A bomb explodes in an automatic photo-booth at Zurich’s international airport.
July 21, 1981 Lausanne Twenty women are injured as a bomb laid by Armenian terrorists explodes in a department store. “Ninth of June” claims responsibility.
July 22, 1981 Geneva A bomb explodes in a locker at the train station. Authorities suspect “Ninth of June.”
July 22, 1981 Geneva An hour later, a second bomb explodes in a locker at the station. Police cordoned off the area following the first explosion, thereby preventing injuries from the second.
August 11, 1981 Copenhagen Two bombs destroy the offices of Swissair. An American tourist is injured in the explosion. “Ninth of June” claims responsibility.
August 20, 1981 Los Angeles A bomb explodes outside the offices of Swiss Precision Instruments. The attack is claimed by “Ninth of June.”
August 20, 1981 Paris Explosion at Alitalia Airlines. “October 3” is back in action.
September 15, 1981 Copenhagen Two people are injured as a bomb explodes in front of the THY offices. Police experts manage to defuse a second bomb. Credit is claimed by a “Sixth Armenian Liberation Army.”
September 17, 1981 Teheran A bomb explosion damages a Swiss Embassy building. ASALA’s “Ninth of June” claims responsibility.
September 24, 1981 Paris Four Armenian terrorists occupy the Turkish Consulate General. During their entry into the building, the Consul, Kaya Inal, and a security guard, Cemal Özen, are seriously wounded. Terrorists take 56 hostages. Özen dies of his injuries in the hospital. The terrorists are ASALA members.
October 3, 1981 Geneva The main post office and the city courthouse are hit by bomb explosions. An ASALA member is scheduled to go on trial for murder in the courthouse. “Ninth of June” claims credit for the attacks, which leave one person injured.
October 25, 1981 Rome An Armenian terrorist fires at Gökberk Ergenekon, Second Secretary at the Turkish Embassy. Ergenekon is wounded in the arm. ASALA claims credit in the name of the “September 24 Suicide Commandos.”
October 25, 1981 Paris Fouquet’s, the fashionable French restaurant, is the target of a bomb attack. A group calling itself “September-France” claims the attack.
October 26, 1981 Paris The same group is behind the explosion of a booby-trapped automobile in front of “Le Drugstore.”
October 27, 1981 Paris “September-France” carries out a bomb attack at Roissy Airport.
October 27, 1981 Paris A second bomb explodes near a busy escalator at Roissy Airport. No one is injured. “September-France” claims responsibility.
October 28, 1981 Paris The same group is responsible for a bomb attack in a movie theater. Three people are injured.
November 3, 1981 Madrid A bomb explodes in front of the Swissair offices, injuring three persons. Considerable damage to nearby buildings. ASALA claims responsibility.
November 5, 1981 Paris A bomb explodes in the Gare de Lyon, injuring one person. The attack is claimed by the Armenian “Orly Organization.”
November 12, 1981 Beirut Simultaneous bomb explosions occur in front of three French offices: the French Cultural Center, the Air France offices and the home of the French Consul General. The “Orly Organization” claims responsibility. This organization owes its name to the fact that the French police arrested an Armenian at Orly Airport in Paris because of forged papers. The idea now is to “bomb him free.”
November 14, 1981 Paris A bomb explosion damages an automobile near the Eiffel Tower. “Orly” claims responsibility.
November 14, 1981 Paris “Orly” launches a grenade attack on a group of tourists disembarking from a sightseeing boat on the River Seine.
November 15, 1981 Paris “Orly” threatens to blow up an Air France airplane in flight.
November 15, 1981 Beirut Simultaneous bomb attacks are carried out against three French targets: the “Union des Assurances de Paris”, the Air France offices and the “Banque Libano-Française”. “Orly” is responsible.
November 15, 1981 Paris A McDonald’s restaurant is destroyed by “September-France.”
November 16, 1981 Paris A bomb injures two innocent bystanders at the Gare de l’Est. “Orly” claims responsibility.
November 18, 1981 Paris “Orly” announces that it has planted a bomb at the Gare du Nord.
November 20, 1981 Los Angeles The Turkish Consulate General in Beverly Hills suffers extensive damage. The JCAG claims credit.
January 13, 1982 Toronto An ASALA bomb causes extensive damage to the Turkish Consulate General.
January 17, 1982 Geneva Two bombs destroy parked cars. The ASALA “Ninth of June Organization” claims credit.
January 17, 1982 Paris A bomb explodes at the Union of Banks and a second is disarmed at the Credit Lyonnais. “Orly” claims responsibility.
January 19, 1982 Paris A bomb explodes in the Air France offices in the Palais des Congres. “Orly” claims responsibility.
January 28, 1982 Los Angeles Kemal Arz?kan, the Turkish Consul General in Los Angeles, is assassinated by two terrorists while driving to work. Nineteen year old Hampig Sassounian is arrested and sentenced to life.
March 22, 1982 Cambridge, Massachusetts A gift shop belonging to Orhan Gündüz, the Turkish Honorary Consul General in Boston, is blown up. Gündüz receives an ultimatum: Either he gives up his honorary position or he will be “executed.” Responsibility is claimed by the JCAG.
March 26, 1982 Beirut Two dead, sixteen injured in an explosion at a movie theater. ASALA claims credit for the attack.
April 8, 1982 Ottawa Kani Güngör, the Commercial Attache at the Turkish Embassy in Ottawa, is seriously wounded in an attack by Armenian terrorists in the garage of his apartment house. ASALA claims responsibility.
April 24, 1982 Dortmund, West Germany Several Turkish-owned businesses suffer extensive damage in bomb attacks. The “New Armenian Resistance Organization” claims responsibility.
May 4, 1982 Cambridge, Massachusetts Orhan Gündüz, the Turkish Honorary Consul General in Boston is assassinated. The murderer is still at large.
May 10, 1982 Geneva Bombs explode at two banks. The attacks are claimed by an Armenian “World Punishment Organization.”
May 18, 1982 Toronto Four Armenians are arrested for trying to smuggle money out of the country. The money was extorted from Armenians, a common practice throughout the world. In the course of the investigation, it is discovered that the terrorists fire-bombed the house of an Armenian who refused to make his contribution to Armenian terrorism.
May 18, 1982 Tampa, Florida Attack at the office of Nash Karahan, the Turkish Honorary Consul General.
May 26, 1982 Los Angeles A bomb damages the office of Swiss Banking Corporation. The suspects: four Armenians accused of involvement in ASALA.
May 30, 1982 Los Angeles Three members of ASALA are arrested when planting a bomb in the Air Canada cargo-office.
June 7, 1982 Lisbon The Administrative Attache at the Turkish Embassy, Erkut Akbay, and his wife, Nadide Akbay, are assassinated in front of their home. JCAG claims responsibility.
July 1, 1982 Rotterdam Kemalettin Demirer, the Turkish Consul General in Rotterdam, is shot down by four Armenian terrorists. An “Armenian Red Army” claims responsibility.
July 21, 1982 Paris Sixteen injured in a bomb explosion near a cafe in the Place Saint-Severin. Credit is claimed by the Orly Organization. “Orly” complains that the French do not treat the arrested Armenian terrorists as “political prisoners,” but rather as ordinary criminals.
July 26, 1982 Paris “Orly” is responsible for injuring two women in an explosion in Paris’ “Pub Saint-Germain.”
August 2, 1982 Paris Pierre Gulumian, an Armenian terrorist, is killed when a bomb he is making explodes in his face.
August 7, 1982 Ankara, Esenboga Airport Two Armenian terrorists open fire in a crowded passenger waiting room. One of the terrorists takes more than twenty hostages while the second is apprehended by the police. Nine people are dead and eighty-two injured&emdashsome seriously. The surviving terrorist, Levon Ekmekjian is arrested and sentenced.
August 8, 1982 Paris A bomb is defused in time. “Orly” regrets the discovery.
August 12, 1982 Paris Terrorists open fire on a policeman assigned to protect the offices of the Turkish Tourism Attache. Luckily, he escapes without injury.
August 27, 1982 Ottawa Colonel Atilla Altzikat, the Military Attache at the Turkish Embassy, is assassinated in his car. JCAG claims responsibility.
September 9, 1982 Burgaz, Bulgaria Bora Süelkan, the Administrative Attache at the Turkish Consulate General in Burgaz, is assassinated in front of his home. The assassin leaves a message “We shot dead the Turkish diplomat: Combat Units of Justice Against the Armenian Genocide.” An anonymous caller claims that the assassination is the work of a branch of the ASALA.
October 26, 1982 Los Angeles Five Armenian terrorists are charged with conspiring to blow up the offices of the Honorary Turkish Consul General in Philadelphia. All belong to the JCAG.
December 8, 1982 Athens Two Armenians on a motorbike throw a bomb at the offices of the Saudi Arabian Airlines. The bomb hits a power pylon, explodes and kills one of the terrorists. His accomplice, an Armenian from Iran named Vahe Kontaverdian is arrested. It is later revealed that ASALA ordered the attack because Saudi Arabia maintains friendly relations with Turkey.
January 21, 1983 Anaheim, California Nine “sophisticated” pipe bombs are confiscated from an Armenian bakery after one of the detonators goes off and causes fire.
January 22, 1983 Paris Two terrorists attack the offices of THY with hand grenades. No one is injured. ASALA claims credit.
January 22, 1983 Paris French police defuse a powerful explosive device near the THY counter at Orly airport.
February 2, 1983 Brussels The offices of THY are bombed. The “New Armenian Resistance Organization” claims responsibility.
February 28, 1983 Luxembourg A bomb placed in front of Turkey’s diplomatic mission is defused. The Armenian Reporter in New York reports that the “New Armenian Resistance Organization” is responsible.
February 28, 1983 Paris A bomb explodes at the Marmara Travel Agency. Killed in the explosion is Renée Morin, a French secretary. Four other Frenchmen are wounded. A few minutesaftertheattack,ASALAclaimsresponsibility.
March 9, 1983 Belgrade Galip Balkar, the Turkish Ambassador to Yugoslavia is assassinated in central Belgrade. His chauffeur,Necati Kayar is shot in the stomach.As the two assailants flee from the scene, they are bravely pursued by Yugoslav citizens. One of the terrorists shoots and wounds a Yugoslav Colonel, and is in turn apprehended by a policeman. The second terrorist opens fire on civilians who are chasing him, killing a young student and wounding a young girl. The two terrorists, Kirkor Levonian and Raffi Elbekian, are tried and sentenced.
March 31, 1983 Frankfurt An anonymous caller threatened to bomb the offices and kill the staff of Tercüman newspaper, a Turkish daily.
May 24, 1983 Brussels Bombs explode in front of the Turkish Embassy’s Culture and Information offices and in front of a Turkish-owned travel agency. The Italian director of the travel agency is wounded. ASALA claims credit.
June 16, 1983 Istanbul Armenian terrorists carry out an attack with hand grenades and automatic weapons inside the covered bazaar in Istanbul. Two dead, twenty-one wounded. ASALA claims responsibility.
July 8, 1983 Paris Armenian terrorists attack the offices of the British Council, protesting against the trials of Armenians in London.
July 14, 1983 Brussels Armenian terrorists murder Dursun Aksoy, the Administrative Attache at the Turkish Embassy. ASALA, ARA and JCAG claim responsibility.
July 15, 1983 Paris A bomb explodes in front of the THY counter at Orly airport. Eight dead, more than sixty injured. A 29 years old Syrian-Armenian named Varadjian Garbidjian confesses to having planted the bomb. He admits that the bomb was intended to have exploded once the plane was airborne.
July 15, 1983 London A bomb, similar to the one that exploded at Orly, is defused in time. ASALA claims responsibility for both attacks.
July 18, 1983 Lyon A bomb threat is made by ASALA against the Lyon railroad station.
July 20, 1983 Lyon Panicky evacuation of Lyon’s Gare de Perrache following a bomb threat from ASALA.
July 22, 1983 Teheran “Orly” carries out bomb attacks on the French Embassy and Air France.
July 27, 1983 Lisbon Five Armenian terrorists attempt to storm the Turkish Embassy in Lisbon. Failing to gain access to the chancery, they occupy the residence, taking the Deputy Chief of Mission(DCM) and his family hostage. When explosives being planted by the terrorists go off, Cahide Mz?hçz?oglu, wife of the DCM and four of the terrorists are blown to pieces. The DCM, Yurtsev Mz?hçz?oglu, and his son Atasay are injured. The fifth terrorist is killed in the initial assault by Turkish security forces. One Portuguese policeman is also killed and another wounded. The ARA claims responsibility.
July 28, 1983 Lyon Another bomb threat on Lyon-Perrache railroad station. ASALA claims responsibility.
July 29, 1983 Teheran A threat to blow up the French Embassy in Teheran with a rocket attack causes Iranian officials to increase security at the facility.
July 31, 1983 Lyon and Rennes Bomb threats from Armenian terrorists force the emergency landing of two domestic French flights carrying 424 passengers.
August 10, 1983 Teheran A bomb explodes in an automobile at the French Embassy. ASALA claims credit for the attack.
August 25, 1983 Bonn A whole series of bomb attacks against offices of the French Consulate General claim two lives and leave twenty-three injured. ASALA claims responsibility.
September 9, 1983 Teheran Two French Embassy cars are bombed. One of the bombs injures two embassy staff members. ASALA claims credit.
October 1, 1983 Marseilles A bomb blast destroys the U.S., Soviet and Algerian pavilions at an international trade fair in Marseilles. One person is killed and twenty-six injured. ASALA and “Orly” claim credit.
October 6, 1983 Teheran A French Embassy vehicle is bombed, injuring two passengers. “Orly” claims responsibility.
October 29, 1983 Beirut Hand-grenade attack on the French Embassy. One of the ASALA terrorists is arrested.
October 29, 1983 Beirut The Turkish Embassy is attacked by three Armenian terrorists. One of the assailants, Sarkis Denielian, a 19 years old Lebanese-Armenian is apprehended. ASALA claims responsibility.
February 8, 1984 Paris Bomb threat on an Air France flight to New York.
March 28, 1984 Teheran A timed series of attacks is carried out against Turkish diplomats:
Two Armenian terrorists shoot and seriously wound Sergeant Ismail Pamukçu, employed at the office of the Turkish Military Attache; Hasan Servet Öktem, First Secretary of the Turkish Embassy, is slightly wounded as he leaves his home; Ibrahim Özdemir, the Administrative Attache at the Turkish Embassy, alerts police to two suspicious looking men. They turn out to be Armenian terrorists and are arrested;
In the afternoon of the same day, Iranian police arrest three more Armenian terrorists outside the Turkish Embassy;
An Armenian terrorist is killed when a bomb he is attempting to plant in the car of the Turkish Assistant Commercial Counselor explodes prematurely. The dead terrorist is later identified as Sultan Gregorian Semaperdan (ASALA).
March 29, 1984 Los Angeles ASALA sends a written threat, saying they will assassinate Turkish athletes who take part in the Olympics.
April 8, 1984 Beirut ASALA issues a communique warning that all flights to Turkey will be considered military targets.
April 26, 1984 Ankara The Turkish Prime Minister, Turgut Özal, receives a threat warning him that if he goes ahead with a planned visit to Teheran, ASALA will schedule a major terrorist operation against his country.
April 28, 1984 Teheran Two Armenian terrorists riding a motorcycle open fire on Isz?k Yönder as he drives his wife, Sadiye Yönder, to the Turkish Embassy where she works. Isz?k Yönder is killed, and ASALA claims credit for yet another senseless murder.
June 20, 1984 Vienna A bomb explodes in a car belonging to Erdogan Özen, Assistant Labor and Social Affairs Counselor at the Turkish Embassy in Vienna. Özen is killed and five others seriously wounded, including a policeman. ARA terrorists claim credit for the crime.
June 25, 1984 Los Angeles A news agency office in France receives a letter threatening to attack all governments, organizations and companies which assist, in any way whatsoever, Turkey’s team at the Los Angeles Olympics.
August 13, 1984 Lyon A bomb explodes in a Lyon train station causing minor damage. ASALA claims credit.
September 1984 Teheran Several Turkish owned firms in Iran come under attack after receiving warning letters informing them that they are to be targeted. The first victim is the Sezai Türkes Company. A Turkish employee is injured while fighting the fire caused by the explosion. A chain of smaller scale acts of intimidation follows.
September 1, 1984 Teheran Iranian authorities expose a plot to assassinate Ismet Birsel, the Turkish Ambassador to Teheran.
September 3, 1984 Istanbul Two Armenian terrorists die as one of their bombs goes off too soon. The ARA claims credit.
November 19, 1984 Vienna Evner Ergun, Deputy Director of the Centre for Social Development and Humanitarian Affairs of the United Nations, Vienna is assassinated while driving to work. The assassins leave a flag withtheinitials”ARA”onhisbody.
December 1984 Brussels Authorities are able to thwart a bombing attempt at the residence of SelçukIncesu,Turkish Consul General.
December29, 1984 Beirut Two French buildings in East Beirut are bombed. ASALAclaimscredit. December 29, 1984Paris Followingan ASALA threat to blow up an Air France plane, police increase security at the Charles de Gaulle Airport.
January 3, 1985 Beirut The officesofAgenceFrance Presse are extensively damaged when a bomb explodes.
March 3, 1985 Paris An anonymous caller to Agence France Presse threatens to attack French interests throughout the world upon the indictment of the three terrorists who participated in the Orly attack.
March 12, 1985 Ottawa Three heavily armed terrorists storm the Turkish Embassy, killing a Canadian security guard in the process. After blowing up the front door, the gunmen enter the building. Ambassador Coskun Kz?rca manages to escape but suffers extensive injuries. The wife and daughter of the Ambassador, who were taken hostage, are later released, and the terrorists surrender. ARA claims responsibility.
March 26, 1985 Toronto A threat to blow up the city of Toronto’s transit system leads to chaos during the rush hour. An “Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Our Homeland”claimsresponsibilityforthethreat.
November 1985 Brussels A special anti-terrorist security squad of the Belgian police exposes and arrests three Armenian terrorists with Portuguese passports. They were planning an attack on Turkish officers at NATO headquarters.
November 28, 1985 Paris French police arrest the leader of the terrorist organization&emdashthe “Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia-Revolutionary Movement” (ASALA-RM)&emdashMr. Monte Melkonian, a U.S. citizen. In Melkonian’s apartment, police confiscate weapons, explosive devices, arrival and departure information on Turkish ships scheduled to visit France and a picture of Turkey’s Ambassador to France, Adnan Bulak.
December 1985 Paris Forty-one shoppers in two of Paris’ leading department stores (Gallerie Lafayette and Printemps) are injured (twelve seriously) when nearly simultaneous bomb explosions rip through the stores. In the ensuing panic, some 10,000 Christmas shoppers flee into the street. The Armenian Reporter, published in New York, reports in its December 12th issue that French law enforcement authorities are concentrating on ASALA as the most likely perpetrator. ASALA later takes credit for the two bombings.
November 23, 1986 Melbourne At 2:15 a.m. a bomb explodes in front of the Turkish Consulate General. One dead -presumedly the perpetrator- and one Australian injured.